Common Auto Repairs

1. Replacing the engine air filter1

Frequency

Every 12,000 miles or annually (more frequently if you live in especially dusty conditions)

Supplies

• New air filter • Screwdrivers • Pliers • Adjustable wrench • Clean rags

Duration

15 minutes

2. Installing new windshield wiper blades2

Frequency

Every 6 to 12 months, or once they begin skipping, streaking, splitting or squeaking

Supplies

• New blades

Duration

15 minutes

3. Changing your spark plugs3

Frequency__

Every __97,500 to 120,000 miles, as needed; varies by vehicle type – consult your owners manual4

Supplies

• Spark plug socket • Spark plug gap gauge • 3/8-inch swivel socket and ratchet • Ratchet extensions • Compressed air

Duration

40-60 minutes

4. Replacing a headlight or taillight5

Frequency

As necessary, when a bulb burns out

Supplies

• Check the owners manual for replacement bulb size and wattage

Duration

5-10 minutes

5. Changing the oil6

Frequency

Every 3,000 to 7,000 miles, according to your vehicle’s make, model and specifications set by the manufacturer

Supplies

• 4-6 quarts of oil (check owners manual for type) • Oil filter wrench • Socket wrench • Safety goggles • Latex gloves • Rags • 6-quart+ drain pan • Car jack • Jack stands • Funnel

Duration

Up to 45 minutes2

Always consult your owners manual when doing routine maintenance on your vehicle. And if you run into any complications or questions, make sure to talk to a professional.

1 What You Need to Know About Changing Your Air Filter, NAPA Auto Parts, 2018. 2 8 DIY Car Maintenance Tips You Can Handle – Checklist, Money Crashers, 2018. 3 Replacing Spark Plugs, DMV.org, 2018. 4 When Should I Change My Spark Plugs?, CarFax, 2018. 5 6 Tips and Tricks for Replacing Your Headlight, Pep Boys, 2018. 6 Do-It-Yourself: Change Your Oil, Pep Boys, 2018.

Bringing your vehicle to an auto shop for routine maintenance can add up over time. While costs and repair needs will vary depending on your vehicle type and use, there is general maintenance that applies to any make and model. Instead of turning to your local mechanic easy routine maintenance, there may be some common upkeep you can take care of yourself.

Before you get started on any of your own DIY car maintenance efforts, consult reliable sources for step-by-step directions. Consider visiting sites such as Pep Boys and NAPA Auto Parts, verified YouTube accounts for real-time visual instructions, or consult an expert.

As with any auto maintenance, make sure to reference your vehicle’s owners manual first. There you will find valuable information such as what type of bulb to use or how frequently the spark plug should be changed.

Not all vehicle maintenance should be DIY; for instance, if your vehicle is involved in a collision. Learn more about collision and comprehensive coverage.